PRO/AH> Avian influenza (69): Germany (SH) poultry, LPAI, H5, OIE

Published Date: 2012-12-22 02:57:47
Subject: PRO/AH Avian influenza (69): Germany (SH) poultry, LPAI, H5, OIE
Archive Number: 20121222.1464172

A ProMED-mail post
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International Society for Infectious Diseases

In this posting:

[1] OIE immediate notification

[2] Media report


[1] OIE immediate notification

Date: Fri 21 Dec 2012

Source: OIE, WAHID (World Animal Health Information Database), weekly disease information 2012; 25(51) [edited]

Low pathogenic avian influenza (poultry), Germany


Information received on (and dated) 21 Dec 2012 from Dr Karin Schwabenbauer, ministerial director and chief veterinary officer, Directorate of Animal Health, Animal Welfare, [Federal Ministry of Food, Agriculture and Consumer Protection] (BMELV), Bonn, Germany


Report type: immediate notification

Date of start of the event: 18 Dec 2012

Date of pre-confirmation of the event: 20 Dec 2012

Reason for notification: reoccurrence of a listed disease

Date of previous occurrence: 12 Aug 2011

Manifestation of disease: sub-clinical infection

Causal agent: low pathogenic avian influenza virus

Serotype: H5

Nature of diagnosis: laboratory (basic), laboratory (advanced)

New outbreaks

Summary of outbreaks

Total outbreaks: 1

Outbreak location: Schleswig-Holstein (Tangstedt, Stormarn)

Total animals affected

Species / Susceptible / Cases / Deaths / Destroyed / Slaughtered

Birds / 1522 / – / 0 / 1522 / -


Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection: unknown or inconclusive

Note by the OIE Animal Health Information Department: H5 and H7 avian influenza in its low pathogenic form in poultry is a notifiable disease as per Chapter 10.4. on avian influenza of the Terrestrial Animal Health Code (2012).

Control measures

Measures applied: control of wildlife reservoirs; stamping out; quarantine; movement control inside the country; screening; zoning; disinfection of infected premises/establishment(s); vaccination prohibited; no treatment of affected animals

Diagnostic test results

Laboratory name and type: Friedrich-Loeffler Institute (national laboratory)

Tests and results

Species / test / test date / Result

Birds / real-time PCR / 20 Dec 2012 / Positive

communicated by:


[The outbreak's location can be found in the interactive map included at the source URL. - Mod.AS]


[2] Media report

Date: Fri 21 Dec 2012

Source: N24, Deutsche Presse Agentur (DPA) report [in German, machine trans, summ., edited]

Bird flu discovered at Hamburg


On an organic farm in Tangstedt in Hamburg, a form of avian influenza which is harmless to humans has been detected.

As a precautionary measure, the authorities have destroyed 1500 animals. The affected animals are 1200 laying hens and 300 geese. The action was completed on Thursday [20 Dec 2012] evening. A restricted area around the farm had been established with a radius of 1 km [0.62 mi]. Within this area, adjacent to Hamburg, there are a few private poultry farms, said the spokesman for the Consumer Agency Hamburg, Rico Schmidt. These would have their animals now kept indoors. So far no further cases had been identified. For poultry farmers outside the restricted area there are no restrictions.

The type of virus H5N3 is harmless to humans, stressed SDP [Social Democratic Party] district administration Klaus Ploeger. “Everything you have in the freezers, you can safely eat,” he said, addressing the citizens. Other animal species, including pets, are not at risk. The killing of the affected poultry flocks was applied due to legal regulations, to prevent a slight possibility of the virus becoming pathogenic in future. Such is not the case if the H5N1 bird flu virus is encountered.

According to data from the Ministry of Agriculture, this is the 1st time that low pathogenic avian influenza has been detected in a poultry farm in Schleswig-Holstein.

The virus has now been demonstrated in the course of regular surveillance, said the Ministry of Agriculture. The Friedrich-Loeffler-Institute, the National Reference Laboratory on Riems Island, confirmed the findings on Thursday [20 Dec 2012]. The animals did not show any signs of disease, but were found infected by the low-pathogenic virus. The risk analysis of the institute indicated it was likely that the virus originated from wild geese, said district veterinarian Karlheinz Reisewitz. According to the Kiel Department of Agriculture, this virus type had already been detected in mallard ducks in the Czech Republic and in wild birds in Georgia. Schleswig-Holstein is also pursuing a so-called wild bird monitoring to uncover possible cases.

communicated by:

Nati Elkin

[According to the media report, the affected holding is an organic one. Have these birds been kept outside?

Confirmation -- or otherwise -- of the media-derived information on the identification of the current LPAI virus as H5N3, is anticipated. The LPAI strains detected in Germany during 2010/2011 were of serotypes H5N2 and H7N7. - Mod.AS

A HealthMap/ProMED-mail map can be accessed at:]

See Also


Avian influenza (52): Germany (SN) LPAI, H7N7, OIE 20110708.2067
Avian influenza (50): Germany (NW) LPAI, H7N7 20110625.1945
Avian influenza (47): Germany (NW) LPAI, H7, update 20110531.1663
Avian influenza (45): Germany (NW) LPAI, H7, OIE 20110527.1622

Avian influenza (51): Germany, LPNAI, H5N2, duck, goose 20101114.4136
Avian influenza (50): Germany, LPNAI, H5N2, duck, goose 20101113.4124

Avian influenza (31): Germany (NW), H7 20090406.1327
Avian influenza (25): Germany, wild duck, H5N1, Japan, H7 20090311.1005
Avian influenza (06): Germany (NI), Poland, LPNAI H5N3 20090118.0221

Avian influenza (124): LPNAI, Germany (NI), H5N3, Taiwan, H5N2 20081222.4022
Avian influenza (121): Germany (NI), LPNAI H5N3 20081217.3971
Avian influenza (119): Germany (NI), LPNAI H5N3 20081215.3939

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